Church Fathers (Patristic)
- St. Jerome of
The Dark Ages
- Anicius Manlius Severinus
- Flavius Magnus Aurelius
Cassiodorus Senator, c.485-c.585
- James of Venice, c.?-?.
- (trans.) Analytica Posteriora of Aristotle
- (trans.) Metaphysica (up to Bk. IV) of Aristotle
- (trans.) Politica of Aristotle.
- (trans.) De Anima of Aristotle.
- (trans.) Parva Naturalis of Aristotle
- Venetian ambassador to Constantinople in the 1130s, contemporary with
Burgundio of Pisa. Began producing some of the first Latin
translations of Aristotle's
works outside of logic - notably Politics and he first few books
of Metaphysics. James rounded off the available logical
organon with his translation of Posterior Analytics.
- Burgundio of Pisa (Pisano), ?-?
- (trans.) Expositio fidei ortodoxae of St. John Damascene.
- (trans.) Digestorum of Justinian
- (trans.) De complexionibus of Galen
- (trans.) Emesius of Nemesa
- Contemporary of John of Venice, served as Pisan ambassador to Constantinople
in 1130s, Burgundio was
exposed to much eastern thought and endeavoured to bring it to Latin
Europe. He is principally known for the Latin translations of the
Greek works of St. John Damascene, John Chrysostom and Galen. His
translations are notable for bringing the earliest samples of
Aristotle's works to the West, as the pagan philosopher had been
occasionally quoted or paraphrased by eastern theologians.
His most important contribution, however, is the 'rediscovery' of the
Digest of Justinian, the 6th C. compendium of Roman law, that helped
catapult the resurrection of legal studies and the ascension of the
University of Bologna.
- Gerard of Cremona, c. 1114 – 1187,
- (trans.) Metereologica (1-3) of Aristotle.
- (trans.) Physica of Aristotle
- (trans.) De Caelo,
- (trans.) Analtica Posteriora
- Italian scholar, who moved to Toledo, Spain, which had been conquered
by Castile 1085. In the libraries of Toledo, Gerard leaped into
the wealth of Classical literature that had been preserved by the Arab
scholars of al-Andalus, and is said to have translated some 89 Classical
Greek treatises from the Arabic, including most of the missing works of
Aristotle, Euclid, Archimedes, Ptolemy, etc. and the Arabic treatises
and commentaries of ibn al-Haytham, al-Kindi and others. Gerard's
translating productivity set in motion the rise of Scholasticism in
- Azo of Bologna,
- Bartolus of Sassoferrato, 1313-1357.
- Henry of Ghent, c.1217-1293
- Guido Terreni, ?-d.1342
- De perfectione vitae, 1320s
- Perpignan, Carmelite master of theology in Paris.
Involved in apostolic poverty controversy. Commentator on Aristotle.
- Gerald Odonis, c.1290-1348
- Vincent de Beauvais, c.1190-1264(?)
- St. Albertus Magnus, 1206-1280 -
- Commentaries on Aristotle's Ethics, 1250, 1260?
- Dominican theologian at Cologne and one-time Bishop of
Regensburg. Albertus Magnus (the "Universal Doctor") was
one of the first European commentators
on Aristotle's economics (coming on the heels of Grosseteste's
translation). St. Thomas Aquinas was his pupil.
- Giles de Lessines, 1230/40-c.1304
- De Usuris, c.1278-84
- Dominican philosopher from Lessines (Hainaut), studied under Albertus
Magnus at Cologne and Aquinas at Paris. First medieval treatise
dedicated to an economic subject.
- Giles of Rome (Aegidius Romanus), c.1243-1316.
- From the Colonna family of Rome. Joined Augustinian Order and studied under
Aquinas, main force behind bull Unam Sanctum.
- Alexander of
- Robert de Grosseteste, 1170-1253 - (1),
- De Luce,
- Immensely influential English Franciscan theologian at Oxford and
one-time Bishop of Lincoln. Through his translation of the
Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics in its entirety from Greek to
Latin, Grosseteste launched the "Aristotelian" phase of
Scholastic philosophy. He was the teacher of that other notable
Oxford theologian, Roger Bacon.
- John Duns Scotus,
- St. Bernandino of Siena, 1380-1440
- Durandus of Saint-Pourçain, c.1275-1332/34.-
- The Jesuits
(Molina, Lessius, etc.)