Economists are not always merely economists, concerned with money, taxes and trade, but often wider-ranging political and social thinkers, who commented extensively on things like the nature of justice, property, law, and constitutions, the organization of society and the origin of social mores. Indeed, up until the professionalization of economics in the late 19th/early 20th Century, it frequently came hand-in-hand. This page is concerned with collecting writers known primarily as political and social philosophers that happened to also delve into economics, or impacted it more indirectly, by, for example, constructing theories, frameworks of ideas and concepts that would be later borrowed by economists.
The Ancients, the Medieval Scholastics and Islamic jurists were all primarily political and social philosophers, so there is little point re-listing them all here again. So were many of what we have called the "first economists" of the 16th Century. We refer to those pages for consultation. The names we gather here is a list of social philosophers from the 17th Century onwards whose works in political science and sociology had an impact on economics and economic thinking. Naturally, the list is not comprehensive, but we needed a place to collect thinkers, such as as Hobbes, Comte, Ruskin, Durkheim and Spencer, who ideas impacted economics, but cannot themselves really be classified as belonging to any "economic" school of thought.
Augustan Commentators (early 18th Century)
The Romantic Era: Individualists (Early 19th Century)
The Romantic Era: Collectivists (Early 19th Century)
The Victorian Era (Late 19th Century)
The Twentieth Century
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